Commemorating World Water Day

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World Water Day (English: World Day for Water) is a celebration aimed at efforts to attract public attention to the importance of clean water and awareness efforts for the sustainable management of clean water sources. Water is the main component of life on this earth, let’s increase respect for water by not being arbitrary to water wherever it is. Do not use the river as an example of waste disposal, or be wasteful in the use of water, especially clean water. Based on its history, World Water Day was initiated for the first time when the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held by the United Nations in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. At the 47th UN General Assembly which was held on December 22, 1992, a Resolution was issued. 147/1993 which stipulates the implementation of World Water Day commemoration every March 22 and began to be commemorated for the first time in 1993. The theme of World Water Day from year to year is always changing.

Every year the celebration of World Water Day always raises a special issue that is raised as the theme of commemorating World Water Day. The selection and determination of the theme for World Water Day by the United Nations is intended to bring attention to the world’s citizens of the importance of water as a source of life. In 2017, the UN through UN WATER determined Wastewater or Wastewater as the theme of World Water Day. Why Wastewater? Because 80 percent of the water just flows into rivers, seas and other places without going through any processing.

This has the potential to become wastewater that is simply overlooked. In fact, at the same time, the availability of water for drinking water was still very real and minimal. Raw water is not proportional to the amount of demand and need, in line with the increasing number of world population. And… Every year, data shows that many children still die due to poor sanitation and water pollution. The activity of commemorating water day in Indonesia itself under the theme “Water and Wastewater” in 2017, will be given the opportunity to consolidate and build a symbiosis between water and wastewater management in an effort for sustainable development, “said Secretary Director General of SDA Lolly Martina Martief at Discussion with Media in Jakarta, Friday (17/3). To further echo the commemoration of World Water Day in the regions, the Ministry of Public Works and Housing through the existing Balai in the region will carry out various activities including tracing and cleaning rivers, planting trees, household waste recycling competitions, educating clean times for an early age, cleaning channels. drainage and the formation of a community movement to care about rivers. In addition, a National Dialogue will also be held on 26-28 April 2017 with the theme “Waste Management for Communities”. The importance of maintaining water to avoid pollution is because if the water source is polluted, there will be a decrease in water quality and environmental damage. One of the causes of water pollution is waste water, both household waste and industrial waste. “We are working with the river care community and a number of universities to form river schools to increase public awareness of river maintenance,” said Lolly.

In addition, the Ministry of PUPR also plays a role in the construction and rehabilitation of raw water, which is then channeled to meet people’s daily needs such as drinking water. Meanwhile, Dodi Krispratmadi said, the PUPR Ministry has taken two approaches in handling wastewater treatment. First, namely community-based wastewater management, namely through the Community Based Sanitation (Sanimas) program. In the Sanimas program, the community plays a direct role in sanitation infrastructure development activities, while the government facilitates and provides assistance in the implementation of activities. Sanimas development is prioritized for low-income communities (MBR).

Some of Sanimas development activities include the construction of infrastructure for bathing, washing toilets (MCK), Communal Wastewater Treatment Plants (IPAL), Combined Wastewater Treatment Plants (IPAL) with MCK and House Connections (SR). “We have implemented the Sanimas program in around 9,000 locations throughout Indonesia. In 2016, the development of around 13,500 Sanimas has been achieved, one sanimas can cover approximately 70 families, “said Dodi.

The second approach in handling waste, said Dodi, is through a structural assignment pattern to institutions at the regional level, both regional and city scales. “For example, there are Regional Drinking Water Companies (PDAMs) assigned to manage waste, for example PDAMs in Solo, Medan and Bandung,” he said, quoted from pu.go.id.

Source: (http://www.harian9.com/2017/03/hari-air-dunia-2017-penting-menjaga.html, https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hari_Air_Sedunia)