The sophistication of information technology cannot be denied that its development is getting faster along with the times. One of the inevitable implications is the emergence of an information revolution which then gave birth to an information society or better known as the virtual society. The virtual society here is a society which in its life is very familiar with IT information technology. Castells (2004: 3) argues that the phenomenon that occurs is the growth and birth of an information society as a result of an information revolution from advances in information technology that has also had an impact on changing conventional spaces in interaction into virtual spaces in a society. In their life, people are not awkward with the use of technology to help their lives, it can even be said that they are very dependent on this technology.
The society of the information age or virtual society is no stranger to the use of technologies such as the iPad, mobile phones, internet and other IT devices. Among teenagers or the younger generation, not only in urban areas, they are now proficient and very familiar with sending SMS to each other, chatting in cyberspace such as through Facebook, Twitter and so on. The activity of tracing information is also a daily activity that is expanding and developing. According to sources, it was stated that the number of Internet users in Indonesia in 2016 was 132.7 million users or around 51.5% of Indonesia’s total population of 256.2 million (http://isparmo.web.id/2016/11/21/ data-statistics-internet-users-indonesia-2016 /).
Sugihartati (2010: 11) suggests that it is different from other means of entertainment, one of which is passive television, it can be said that the use of information technology (IT) such as the internet tends to be more active and participatory. Without realizing it directly, the impact of the intensive use of information technology such as the internet also has an impact in the context of this discussion, namely more on the social impact it causes. A teenager who opens and registers himself in an account on social media, for example Facebook, if we study and be more careful, it can be said that they not only have the opportunity to surf in cyberspace to communicate and network but also establish intimacy in cyberspace. Most even most of them do not take into account the risks and impacts that arise if the relationship is carried out directly and personally through the real world.
The reality that has often happened, especially among teenagers, is that when learning activities, teenagers feel very bored when learning is in a matter of one, two hours, but in surfing the virtual world for hours, it doesn’t feel like it even forgets the time. Based on the reality as it is known, it is often exposed to various news that excessive use of IT can not only be used by various parties to deceive and capture teenagers to become victims of trafficking. The tendency of teenagers to take advantage of IT and surf the internet also has a counter-productive impact on economic conditions and their learning activities.
In fact, from a psychological point of view, the involvement of teenagers in excessive internet use is also suspected as a trigger for negative influences, especially when they use internet facilities to access information that is not suitable for their age such as accessing porn sites, even those that are so busy and become trending topics, namely commit cybercrime crimes. Many of these cybercrime crimes are committed not only because they want to commit a crime, but this crime is a crime that requires expertise in the sophistication of information technology. Various groups can commit the crime, as in the case of the hacking of the online ticket trading site PT Global Networking that has occurred recently. This case is enough to make us rub the chest a little that it turns out that the perpetrator is not an adult but is a junior high school student.
- Libraries as the center of information sources and librarians as educational partners in this case have a central role. Librarians must change the paradigm that the main task is not just processing collections or technical work that is carried out every day. Far from that, as a librarian educator partner, it is very necessary, especially in the scope of education, by providing contributions in the form of training and providing character education values. This can be done, for example, through literacy education, especially ICT literacy among adolescents so that they do not abuse technological sophistication such as cybercrime. (Niz)
- Castells, Manuel. The Network Society: a cross-cultural perspective Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004.
- Rahma Sugihartati. Information Society and Net Generation. Jakarta: Prenata Media, 2011.
- Sugihartati, Rahma. “Virtual Generation: Lifestyle and Its Social Impact”. Palimset: Journal of Information and Library Studies, No.1 Th. 1. December 2 – May 2010.