Commemorating Down Syndrome Day

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WORLD Down Syndrome Day (WDSD) is celebrated every 21 March. On this day, Down syndrome organizations around the world hold various activities to raise public awareness of Down Syndrome. The choice of this date by Down Syndrome International (DSI) corresponds to the uniqueness of Down syndrome in the triplication (trisomy) of 21 chromosomes. This idea was originally proposed by Stylianos E. Antonakis, a geneticist at the University of Geneva Medical School, and enthusiastically adopted by ART21. The first commemorative event was held on March 21, 2006 in Geneva. The introduction of WDSD was also launched on 21 March 2006 in Singapore by the Down Syndrome Association. (int)

This disorder that affects physical and mental developmental retardation was first recognized in 1866 by Dr. John Longdon Down. Due to strange features such as a relatively short stature, a shrunken head, a flat nose that resembles a Mongoloid, it is often known as Mongolism. In the 1970s, experts from America and Europe revised the name of the disorder that occurred in this child by referring to the first discoverer of this syndrome with the term Down syndrome and until now this disease is known by the same term.

Symptoms that arise due to Down’s syndrome can vary from being completely invisible, seeming minimal to appearing characteristic signs. Patients with typical signs are very easily recognized by the presence of a prominent physical appearance in the form of a head that is relatively smaller than normal (microcephaly) with a horizontal anteroposterior part of the head. On the face there is usually a flat nose, a smaller mouth and a protruding tongue (macroglossia). Often the eyes are narrowed with the middle corner forming folds (epicanthal folds). Clinical signs on other parts of the body are short hands including the knuckles and the distance between the first and second fingers on both hands and feet is wide. People with Down syndrome live with intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, and socialization. Those obstacles are what make it difficult for them to face the future.

Many parents find scientifically programmed exercise too time-consuming and slow to show results. Not a few parents are not tempted by all the instant down syndrome parenting. “Logically, each achievement can be achieved after following the sequence of stages of development.” For example, brain exercise, this training is not much different from a scientifically formulated therapy. “Please just follow it, but don’t be tempted by the lure of its benefits for the brain’s ability of Down syndrome children,”. People with Down’s syndrome are known to have mild to moderate mental retardation. The IQ range is 30 to 69. “The average IQ is 60 to 69,” With such characteristics, people with Down syndrome need repeated training to do even simple things. That fact also shows their potential. “The children later have the advantage in simple and repetitive jobs.”

That fact does not appear to discourage parents. On the other hand, fathers and mothers are invited to be objective about the child’s condition. “By truly educating them, children will develop optimally even though they are different from regular children,” Parents’ target should also lead to children’s happiness. He must be a person who has self-respect, is independent, has functional and social skills, and is not a burden to society. “Later when he is an adult, he can work in a simple field so that he can be useful and social.”

World Down Syndrome Day is a special day for those who face Down syndrome around the world. The day is welcomed on March 21 every year with various activities and events to raise awareness of the rights and welfare of those suffering from this disease.

Source: International Holidays,,